The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

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Qatar University claimed the most international institution, marking the first time a Middle Eastern university has topped the list.
年度最佳歌曲:米兰达·兰伯特&布雷克·谢尔顿《Over You》
二月的一天,苹果(Apple)的年度股东大会进行了一个多小时,蒂姆?库克(Tim Cook)已经耐心地回答了苹果进军电视市场的计划和他如何看待谷歌眼镜(Google Glass)等各类问题。但当一位参会听众就苹果各环保项目(比如其太阳能数据中心)的盈利能力向这位首席执行官发难的时候,库克发怒了。
在政府鼓励扩大对消费者和小企业融资的背景下,中国网上银行及P2P贷款行业迅速发展。目前中国P2P贷款领域有超过2000家公司。

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 《2018年三季度家庭资产指数报告》发布 这些细节你感受到了吗 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

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PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

A report on entrepreneurship among Chinese college students published by Renmin University of China revealed an inverse proportion between the level of students' academic degrees and their intentions to start their own businesses.
How has your trip to the US sofar this summer?
One such development is 60 Water Street in Dumbo, a 290-unit rental with a 24-hour concierge and a roof deck offering Manhattan views. Leasing begins next month, with rent for a two-bedroom starting at a jaw-dropping $6,018 a month. “People want that condo-like living, even though they’re renting and not owning,” said Jodi Ann Stasse, the managing director of new developments for Citi Habitats.
14. On the Other Hand Here is an estimate of the movies directed by women that were released by major studios this year: Warner Bros. (five! — Lana Wachowski, Anne Fletcher, Dana Nachman, Nancy Meyers, Patricia Riggen); Universal (three — Sam Taylor Johnson, Elizabeth Banks, Angelina Jolie); Disney (one — Niki Caro); Paramount (0); Fox (0); and Sony (0). (I excluded Fox and Sony’s specialty units.)

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

考虑到达拉斯多年来一直拒绝摆滥,当德克-诺维茨基的职业生涯进入倒计时阶段,他们并没有囤积足够多的潜力新秀,这时换来22岁的诺埃尔而且没有对常规轮换造成大的损伤是个相当高明的举动。
Hurun estimates that there are now 594 US dollar billionaires in China and another 94 in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Macau, compared with 535 in the US.
Similar trends have been seen at other Cup matches, though no polls were carried out previously.

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巴尼汤普森(Barney Thompson)是法律记者
格雷格森还说,“与此同时,美国国内的油气产量将继续增长。我认为,对我们来说,问题不在于实际油价走势如何,关键是北美油砂、页岩气、页岩油产量以及其他地区页岩油气勘探水平的增幅能有多大程度的提高。”

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 建筑用材新一轮涨价潮来袭 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

尽管外贸额占经济总量的比重逐渐增大,但是相比那些每天都大量采购各种日用品,食品而且随意采纳金融方面建议的欧洲和亚洲的主要竞争者,美国经济更容易免受外部不良因素的冲击,实际上相比与外国的竞争者具有更好的抵御危机的能力。
中国依然是美国政府债券的最大持有人,10月份中国也减持到1.25万亿美元。
如果你喜欢暖心且内容犀利的喜剧片,没有比《大病》更合适的了。这部影片讲述了一个喜剧演员爱上了一名抗议者的故事。他们的背景截然不同,这样的故事能让跨种族相爱的人产生共鸣。
In the past six months alone, the Australian-born company fortified its senior executive ranks with high-profile hires from Amazon, PayPal, Google, and Twitter. It brokered a high-profile deal with Magento, the market leader, that promises to bring thousands of new customers to it. And it broke the lease on its new San Francisco office because it is hiring so quickly that it now needs triple the space it originally anticipated.

北京将出新规 五大类家具材种不能随意标注

明星们的私家飞机刚停稳,“老爹身材”一词便在互联网上走红。男性微胖的身材成为潮流,荧幕上不少这样的例子。法新社(AFP)Deborah Cole(黛博拉?科尔)写道:“杰拉尔?德帕迪约(Gerard Depardieu)在《爱之谷》中的形象便是“大汗淋漓、气喘吁吁地打着赤膊”, 华金?菲尼克斯 (Joaquin Phoenix)在 伍迪?艾伦(Woody Allen)的新片《非理性的人》(Irrational Man)中也露出了他那胖胖的肚子。科林?法瑞尔(Colin Farrell)出席《龙虾》(The Lobster)的首映红毯时,看起来如往常一般衣冠楚楚,然而在剧中他却大腹便便。为了给荒诞主义者欧格斯?兰斯莫斯(Yorgos Lanthimos)的黑色喜剧中的孤独主角增肥,法瑞尔大量进食高热量食品,其中包括融化了的冰淇淋。他告诉《好莱坞报道》(Hollywood Reporter),“在早晨10点享用2个芝士汉堡、薯条和可乐可不那么有趣,”他补充道,“不过我喜欢芝士汉堡。”
But some people might just remember the mustaches.
特斯拉表示,在该公司的展厅里,每平方英尺的面积带来的销售额是苹果公司(Apple)的两倍,而苹果目前被公认为是行业领军者。
‘Episodes’ This comedy on Showtime, too often overlooked, follows the bewilderment of two British TV writers stuck in Hollywood creating a series for Matt LeBlanc, who plays a diva version of himself very convincingly. Not many shows set in the entertainment industry can sustain the conceit, but this is one that got even better in its third year.
除去这些宏大的制作,共有40位闪亮的模特走上T台。
失业率的大幅下降的实际效果将会有所体现
鲁拉卡拉夫(Roula Khalaf)
支持两国之间双向旅游的最新倡议包括以下几点:审查10年旅游签证;安排开放的航空市场服务以消除双方航空公司的所有容量限制;Qantas航空公司于1月推出北京到悉尼的新服务等。
If you are working your butt off and not getting paid enough to pay your bills, you might be overqualified and underpaid for your position. Go find a job that pays what you deserve.

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

该书作者马丁輠祹(Martin Ford)周二在纽约的颁奖典礼上获得了英国《金融时报》和麦肯锡(McKinsey & Company)颁发的3万英镑奖金。
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ESCP欧洲商学院(ESCP Europe)和美国麻省理工学院斯隆管理学院(MIT Sloan School of Management)也表现不错。两所学院的排名均上升5位,分别位居第三和第五。
She told The Telegraph: 'I don't feel that normal any more because I get recognised, even when I'm just trying to have fun or going to get ice cream with my friends.
Bigcommerce does particularly well among small retailers generating $1 million to $2 million in annual revenue, although its following with those in the $20 million to $30 million range is growing quickly. Roughly 70% of its existing customer base also runs a bricks-and-mortar store. For the past year, the developer has worked hard on responsive storefront templates that work equally well on mobile platforms and desktops—design is the number-one consideration for small e-commerce merchants, it says—and on relationships with partners of “adjacent” cloud services from the accounting, payments, customer relationship management, and payroll management worlds.

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

4. Life Expectancy

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

The Caixin-sponsored series is based on a much smaller sample of private companies than the official PMI reading, which focuses on larger state enterprises, and tends to be more volatile.
两间卧室位于二楼,其中包括主卧,该卧室是一个大套间的一部分,这个套间里还有一座壁炉、一间步入式衣帽间和一座可俯瞰海湾的阳台。走廊边的一间办公室也通往这座阳台。其他的卧室都在三楼。其中有一间可通过山墙上的扇骨半圆窗俯瞰海湾。

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

林浩文预测称,市场的任何复苏都将倚赖来自资金充沛的内地公司的需求,同时外国投资者将仅限于投资于房地产投资信托或者涉及地产开发商的股票,而不会真的买入房产。

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)